|Official Name||United Republic of Tanzania|
|Capital||Dar es Salaam|
|Location||Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique|
|Area||total: 945,087 sq km land: 886,037 sq km water: 59,050 sq km note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar|
The Cotonou Agreement is aimed at the reduction and eventual eradication of poverty while contributing to sustainable development and to the gradual integration of ACP countries into the world economy. The revised Cotonou Agreement is also concerned with the fight against impunity and promotion of criminal justice through the International Criminal Court. The agreement also provides for reciprocal trade agreements, meaning that not only the EU provides duty-free access to its markets for ACP exports, but ACP countries also provide duty-free access to their own markets for EU exports.
Cameroon agreed an interim EPA with the EU in December 2007. This agreement was put in place to prevent disruption to Cameroon’s exports to the EU after the trade provisions of the Cotonou Agreement expired at the end of that month and provides additional time to negotiate a full regional EPA. As a result, the main exports of Cameroon still enjoy preferential access to EU markets. These include trade in aluminium, cocoa, bananas and other agricultural products worth around €314 million a year.This country-specific interim EPA is a temporary solution while negotiations to replace it with a full EPA covering the entire Central African region are ongoing. The full EPA will entirely replace this interim agreement.
Their main objective is to create a free-trade area between South Africa and the EU over an asymmetric, transitional period of 12 years - which means that the EU and South Africa will open their markets to each other at a different pace.
ACTIF is a trade body that aims to promote specific concerns of the industry and promote improved competitiveness in both regional and global market place. Membership emphasis on private sector “ownership” with strong allegiance of nationally based trade institutions. ACTIF comprises of an Executive and four action committees: 1) Global Trade Initiatives, 2)Investment and Finance, 3)Inter-Regional Trade and Supply Chain, 4)Production, Ginning and Lint Trade
Formed with the idea in mind to accelerate the process of integrating the continent to enable it to play its role in the global economy, while addressing multifacted social, economic and political problems that are compounded by negative aspects of globalization.
COFTA is composed of 70 member organizations from 30 Africa countries. It is a grass root organization that aims toward Fair Trade. Aims to provide a forum for collaboration and networking amongst AFTO and develop the fair trade movement and the economic empowerment of the disadvantaged African producers.